Windows 10: set a fixed IP address

This is one of the new features of Windows 10 update 1903 (May 2019 Update), assigning a fixed IP address is now much easier. Almost five years after the commercial release of Windows 10, Microsoft has finally thought about network administrators and users who need to set up a fixed IP on their computer. Usually assigned to a wired Ethernet network card, the fixed IP address allows you to always be connected to a network with the same address and to define specific parameters (gateway, DNS, etc.).

Before Windows 10 version 1903, you had to go to Settings, Network and Internet, Ethernet. Then click on “Network and Sharing Center” or on “Modify adapter options” to access the old Windows 7-style Control Panel interface. The procedure is detailed here. This method is now obsolete on computers with Windows 10 updated in 2019, 2020 and later. Please note, an important parameter has been modified, explanations below.

This tutorial explains how configure a fixed IP address with Windows 10 1903 and later (1909, etc). If this guide shows an example with an Ethernet network card (RJ45 network cable on a LAN), the procedure is also valid with a wireless Wi-Fi (WLAN) card.

Set an IP address in Windows 10

1. Open the Settings Windows from the Start menu.

Windows 10 tutorial start menu Settings Control Panel

2. Click on Network and Internet.

Windows 10 tutorial Network and Internet settings

3. In the left menu, click on Ethernet.

4. Click on the network card name (Ethernet, Network, domain name…).

tutorial fix ip address windows 10

5. Go down to the “IP Parameters” section and click on “ To modify »To edit the settings.

tutorial set fixed IP address Windows 10

6. In the list, choose ” Manual “And activate” IPv4

tutorial set fixed IP address Windows 10

7. Fill in:

  • IP adress
  • Subnet Prefix Length (Warning : do not put 255.255.255.0 but “24” for example)
  • Bridge
  • Preferred DNS
  • Other DNS

Windows 10 fixed ip address tutorial

The “IP address” and “Subnet length” fields are sufficient for a simple LAN configuration, without external access to the web.

Second warning regarding the Subnet Prefix Length. This is the CIDR notation, the value is an integer between 0 and 32 (actually between 1 and 31). A network address with mask 255.255.255.0 is written for example 192.168.0.1/24, the prefix to be indicated on Windows is therefore 24. 255.255.0.0 = 16, 255.255.240.0 = 20, etc.

8. Record to take the changes into account immediately. The computer is now using the manually defined network configuration.

Return to automatic IP address (DHCP) on Windows 10

Subsequently, it will of course be possible to return to an automatic configuration by DHCP server (Active Directory server or simple internet box), by resetting the IP parameters to ” Automatic (DHCP)