Set up VPN for Mac OS 10.0 or later

One Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a network technology that establishes a secure network connection through a public network, such as the Internet or a private network owned by a service provider.

Large companies, educational institutions and government agencies use VPN technology to securely connect external users to a private network.

A VPN can connect multiple sites over a long distance, just like a WAN (Wide Area Network). VPNs are used to expand intranets worldwide and to disseminate information and news to a broad user base. Training institutions use VPNs to connect campuses that can be deployed nationwide or worldwide.

To gain access to the private network, a user must be authenticated with a unique ID and password. An authentication token is used to gain access to a private network using a personal identification number (PIN) that a user must enter. The PIN code is a unique authentication code that changes according to a specific frequency, every 30 seconds or so.

In the Netherlands we use VPN connectivity to make us unrecognizable on the internet.

A VPN can be set up to connect through a specific server and thus hide our own IP address. It’s not like that VPN you always complete protected. Multiple VPN services do offer true anonymity, but log certain transmissions that occur through the VPN.

In short, with a VPN you are not 100% anonymous. You can best use a VPN if you are looking for a technique to share torrent files, or to visit websites that are normally blocked through your endpoint (provider or service).

NordVPN is the world’s largest and most comprehensive VPN service.

Setting up a VPN on macOS can be through an installer that your VPN provider can provide you with. All you have to do is install and do not perform any assemblies. In the tutorial we will go into setting up a VPN within macOS.

To set up a VPN, you need the following information in advance

  • A server IP address or fully qualified domain name
  • A Username and password
  • The connection type L2TP or PPTP

You get or have this data from the service from which a VPN service is purchased. If you have set up a VPN yourself, this information is of course already known to you.

  • Open the Apple icon (menu) at the top left of the screen.
  • Select System Preferences
  • Select Network

configure vpn macos - network screen

configure vpn macos - interface vpn type and name

You now have several options to choose from. At interface, you need to select VPN. With the VPN Type and Name feature, you have choices.

VPN Type, this depends on the type of connection your service offers you.

  • L2TP over IPSec
  • Cisco IPSec

Name facility is of course the name you give yourself.

set vpn macos - server address account name password

In the next screen you have to enter authentication data. You must also know this information before you can proceed.
This involves the following information:

  • Server address
  • Account name
  • Optional: a password

Should it be necessary to add additional authentication because your service requires it. Then click through Identity check settings

configure vpn macos - shared secret and certificate

VPN services often have a shared secret (a code). If your service requires it, fill it out. If you need a certificate to connect, select it via Certificate.