It is important to protect your computer while surfing the Internet. There are all kinds of dangers on the Internet. Think of the well-known viruses, annoying ads, phishing attacks and so on.
But how do you protect your computer from these kinds of dangers without having to worry about installing a separate piece of software for each problem? It starts with knowledge, knowing what you are doing and what dangers play out. Most problems that occur on your computer result from human ignorance.
Social engineering is a good example of this, you receive an email from your bank, open the attachment and the computer has been taken over by cybercriminals. If you knew in advance that your bank would never ask for login information, this issue could have been avoided. This is just an example, but people are stepping in.
Cybercriminals do not look for it so much in the problems in the software but in people, social engineering and more
Does a website have https?
If you are going to do internet banking, or you are buying something on the internet, it is important that the website establishes an https connection between your computer and the website. This prevents cybercriminals from receiving data and reading it outright. You recognize a website with https on the green lock in the browser for a website’s address.
Use strong passwords
Simple passwords are cracked, and it does not take long. Cybercriminals use rainbow tables to crack passwords quickly. If you use difficult passwords, the chances of them cracking your password are much less. A guideline is 12 characters, with capital letter (s) and a separate character as an exclamation point or hashtag and number.
Also use a different password for all services or websites.
Two factor authentication
Two factor authentication is a technique that divides the login process into 2 steps. For example, you use a login and password, and with the right combination, an SMS will be sent confirming the login. If the service you are using supports this, we recommend enabling it. If the criminal then logs in, the text message will not reach the criminal and you are immediately informed of the successful login attempt.
Do not email passwords or other important data
Most email is not encrypted. This makes it easy for criminals to intercept data via e-mail. If this is successful and the data is not encrypted, they can literally read your email. If it contains important data, it is visible to the criminal.
Social engineering, are you aware of it
As we mentioned at the beginning, criminals respond to human error, called social engineering. They send you all kinds of emails or text messages and even phone calls to decrypt data. Are you always aware of what is being asked for and / or whether it is necessary? For example, the bank never asks for login details, they manage your account and therefore do not need login codes or anything to check.
Keep your computer up-to-date
Make sure you always have the latest version of Windows, the latest updates, the latest browser and an up-to-date antivirus package. This will prevent a lot of problems. The technique can already happen a lot and by always using the latest version of the technique you can be stopped by the technique even if you make a mistake.
Use a password manager
Remembering many passwords is impossible, or at least a lot of work. You can find enough software on the Internet that can store passwords encrypted on your computer. They can also warn you that your password needs to be changed, or that you are using a bad easy password. Many handy things that take a lot of work out of your hands. A good example of this, and is recommended KeePass.